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The House committee on constitutional amendments tackled today the proposed amendments in 1987 Constitution in a bid to shift into a federal form of government. The proposal wants a Federal Republic divided into 5 states: Luzon, Metro Manila, Visayas, Bangsamoro, and Mindanao. Each state will have a unicameral state assembly with legislative powers, and a premiere with executive powers.

Proposed 5 States under Federalism:

1. State of Luzon
2. State of Visayas
3. State of Mindanao
4. State of Bangsamoro
5. State of Metro Manila

Kung ma implement na ni, for sure kung unsa ang kikitain sa usa ka State sa estado lang din ang makinabang or mas dako ang makuha sa estado kaysa Central Government, dili na mapunta ang majority sa collected tax sa Imperial Metro Manila ang atong mga tax. In our case, kung unsa ang income sa State of Mindanao, of course karapatdapat lang pud nga ang State of Mindanao ang magpahimulos sa majority nga kita. With this, mas maka focus ang each state sa pagpapaunlad sa iyang kaugalingong estado kay dako naman ang budget or internal revenue allotment or IRA.

With our current government system, the pooled collection of national internal revenue taxes is split 60-40, with 60 percent going to the national government and 40 percent to the LGUs through the internal revenue allotment or IRA. Under the Local Government Code, the aggregate IRA of LGUs is set at 40 percent of the actual internal revenue tax collections of the central government three years prior to the current year. The aggregate IRA which is the 40% is then divided among the different levels of local government as follows: 23 percent to provinces, 23 percent to cities, 34 percent to municipalities, and 20 percent to barangays. Unya ganahan ka ana nga ang total nakolekta nga tax sa whole Philippines ang 60% ana didto sa National Capital Region, tapos ang 40% bahin-bahinon sa mga cities and provincies sa tibook Pilipinas? Diba UNFAIR? Mao nang mag lisod ug progress ang usa ka city sa mga probinsya kay gamay ra man ang mapaingon sa ila, tapos ang NCR hayahay! Maong nag tapok na ang mga tao didto, sobra na ka traffic kay gusto pud maka tagamtam sa mga benipisyo sa NCR.

Kay sa pagka karun the Philippines employs a unitary form of government or Centralized Government with much of the power — decisions, policies, and programs — emerging from the central government or Imperial Manila. Under federalism, however, power is divided or shared between the central government and local state governments.

In the 2016 revisions the following states are being proposed:

National Capital with Manila as the Capital
Northern Luzon with Tuguegarao as the Capital
Cordillera Mountains with Baguio as the Capital
Central Luzon with Angeles as the Capital
Southern Luzon with Batangas City as the Capital
Western Visayas with Puerto Princesa as the Capital
Negros Island Region with Bacolod as the Capital
Central Visayas with Cebu City as the Capital
Eastern Visayas with Tacloban as the Capital
Northern Mindanao with Cagayan de Oro as the Capital
Western Mindanao with Zamboanga City as the Capital
Southern Mindanao with Davao City as the Capital
Muslim Mindanao with Marawi as the Capital
photo by Raphy Arcaina
Pwede na ba nato tawagon nga Metro CDO ang Cagayan de Oro? Daghan na gagamit ana nga term, when in fact dili pa angay or ready nga tawagon nga Metropolitan Area ang Cagayan de Oro City, because sa kagamay sa area sa CDO. Pwede pa siguro kung mag boom ang pipila ka Misamis Oriental municipalities then we can call Metro Misamis Oriental or if agreed by some authorities it will be named Metro Cagayan de Oro, but not when you are reffering just the CDO City area.

Just like Metro Cebu, when you say Metro Cebu, it is a metropolitan area with a total area of 1,062.88 sq. km. and a population of more than 2.8 million that consists of Cebu City (the capital of Cebu and the regional center of Central Visayas) along with twelve surrounding cities and municipalities, it comprises seven cities (Carcar, Cebu City, Danao, Lapu-Lapu, Mandaue, Naga, and Talisay) and six municipalities. Metro Cebu is almost twice the size of Metro Manila.

While Metro Manila with a total area of 619.57 sq. km. and total population of 12.9 million, it is made up of the City of Manila, the Philippine capital city, Quezon City, the country's most populous city and former capital, and the cities of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, Valenzuela and the municipality of Pateros.

Metro Davao on the other hand has a total population of 2.5 million which has a total area of 3,964.95 sq. km. that includes Davao City, Digos City in Davao del Sur province; Tagum City, Panabo City and The Island Garden City of Samal in Davao del Norte province. The metropolitan area also encompasses the two municipalities of Carmen in Davao del Norte and Santa Cruz in Davao del Sur. Maco in Compostela Valley is also being considered to be included in the metropolitan area.

According to wiki, a metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area, greater area, commuter belt or conurbation, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships, boroughs, cities, towns, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns.

So, layo pa sa tinood ang Cagayan de Oro City, sa area pa lang which is only 412.80 sq. km. and consists of 2 districts with a total of 80 barangays lisod pa kaayo ma achieve sa CDO ang Metropolitan City title. Mas dako pa ug puruhan nga matawag ug Metro Misamis Oriental ang Province of Mismis Oriental if the municipalities of the province like Tagoloan, Opol, El Salvador, Alubijid and Laguindingan progress into a bigger urban areas. Well, those municipalities we mentioned in Misamis Oriental has the capacity that will become a progressive city sooner or later and by that time, we can then call it Metro Misamis Oriental which will cover and includes Cagayan de Oro City as the capital independent chartered city of the Metropolitan together with El Salvador City, Tagoloan (City), Opol (City), Alubijid (City), Laguindingan (City) and the rest of the municipalities of Misamis Oriental.

For now, let's just stick to the City of Cagayan de Oro, forget about the "Metro" title just yet. But who knows, by 2025 as some officials said that CDO is well on its way to becoming a metropolis. But once again, CDO needs to blend, integrate and interconnected with other highly urbanized areas  and radiate throughout around Misamis Oriental or the region, basically a commuting region in order to become a metro.

(Photo courtesy of Abel Matthew Silawan)
Ana Monica Tan representing the Municipality of Tagoloan was crowned Miss Kuyamis 2018 during last night's coronation at the Misaims Oriental Provincial Capitol Grounds.

Best in Festival Attire
(Photo courtesy of Abel Matthew Silawan)
Ana Monica Tan was also awarded as Best in Festival Attire, Best in Gown, Miss Le Rouge and Miss SMI.
(Photo courtesy of Abel Matthew Silawan)
1st Runner-up is Judith Jay C. Polestico representing the Municipality of Naawan
2nd Runner Up is Kathleen Mae J. Ubanan representing the Municipality of Opol
3rd Runner Up is Kimberly Jane R. Magdugo representing the Municipality of Libertad
4th Runner Up is Dainne B. Regis representing the Municipality of Medina


(Photo courtesy of Abel Matthew Silawan)

Since Laguindingan Airport started its operation few years ago, Laguindingan's tourism also started to boost and number one on that is the beach resorts tourism industry.

So, we decided to list down the top beach resorts to visit in Laguindingan area for your references.

Starmac Resort - MGC

photo by Starmac Resort
Located at Barangay Mauswagon, Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, Starmac Resort has a standard size swimming pool, beach front with cottages, function hall, rest house/hotel. They also offer water sports activity for a very affordable prices. Starmac Resort also accepts functions and event packages such as: Weddings, Birthdays, Corporate events and other special occasions. For more info and photos visit thier FB Page HERE.

Mauswagon Resort

photo by Jan Martin

It is an unknown resort and still under construction. We tried to get inside the resort but the guards did not give us permission. It is a Maldives inspired resort, with cottages that looks like that of a water villas in the Maldives. We will be checking this out as it progress til they open to the public.

Coral Beach Resort

Photo by Wander with Renz

A small resort near the Tubajon Aqua Marine Park and Fish Sanctuary. They charge a 20 pesos entrance fee per head and 200 pesos if you use the small swimming pool, that's 220 pesos fro entrance fee and pool usage. They only have few cottages, so you better be there earlier during weekends to get a cottage for your group or else you will end up renting a table for 500-700 pesos, table with chairs rentals is 150 pesos, but you can haggle with the owner and get a discounted price. Beach front is not very good specially during low tide.

Tubajon Aqua Marine Park and Fish Sanctuary

The size of the Aqua marine park and fish sanctuary is about 22 hectares. The place is covered with mangrove plants. It is a mangrove forest, it helps stabilize the coastline, reducing erosion from storm surges, currents, waves, and tides. The intricate root system of mangroves also makes these forests attractive to fish and other organisms seeking food and shelter from predators.

The local government of Tubajon, Laguindingan developed the place to generate income to help for the maintenance of the fish sanctuary. They are offering cottages for rent ranges from 300 pesos, 500 pesos and 1000 pesos. I love the place because of the natural mangrove forest that surrounds you, the water is clean, thanks to the mangrove trees as it helps filters the water. Mangroves provide ideal breeding grounds for much of the world's fish, shrimp, crabs, and other shellfish, so it is expected that you will find some marine species while swimming.

Birhen Milagrosa Cliff, Moog Beach

Birhen sa Moog Chapel is one of the oldest church in Misaims Oriental, located in Barangay Moog, Laguindingan. It was not known as a beach resort before, locals only came here to go to the chapel and pray but the crystal clear water of the area is inviting, so some locals keep on coming back here for a swim. Later, they developed the area into a low budget resort. Now they provided an affordable cottages for visitors. Cottages can be rented ranges from 100 to 300 pesos, depending on the size. What I like here is the crystal clear water, not so crowded place because it is not yet discovered by many because it is a bit isolated.

Here's the Map as a guide where in laguindingan these resorts are located:

There you go, those are the resorts surrounding the Laguindingan Airport. There are also under-developed beaches in the area where you can swim, but there are no cottages provided.

Rescuers in Misamis Oriental would likely not to celebrate Christmas Eve alongside their families as Governor Bambi Emano has released directive to raise calamity alarm status to red on December 23, 2017, on the threatening super typhoon to hit Mindanao anytime.

“Kung dili matunaw, the provincial government can do only so much. But we’ve prepared what we can if it happens. Based on media reports, the landfall will hit that is greater than the previous typhoon that hit Mindanao (in 2011),” Governor Emano said.

Governor Emano said as early as Tuesday, December 19, he had a briefing with his department heads and rescue personnel of the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (PDRRMO) on rescue measures and relief goods if calamity strikes.
“So, I’ve talked with the department heads already and prepared everything by December 23, and told them…and even apologized to their families that we might not be able to celebrate Christmas with them because we will be preparing for the calamity. Hopefully it will not come, but all our heavy equipment, all our disaster teams, the PDRRMO will always be on red alert during that time,” the governor added.

As of the moment, Governor Emano said the Capitol has 500 strong personnel of the PDRRMO with different expertise who will be on red alert including the eight province-owned hospitals to cater medical needs of the residents.

Governor Emano also called on the national government to fast track the construction of the mega dike in Barangay Carmen to avoid repeat of the “big one”, Tropical Storm Sendong.

“We really actually need the mega dike. We cannot afford anymore of another Sendong to hit us, which we call the big one, and we’ll be losing lives again in the province and in the city of Cagayan de Oro. We are calling on the national government, especially the DPWH (Department of Public Works and Highways) to as soon as possible at least fast track the construction of mega dike,” he said.

Governor Emano even said he is willing to accommodate the temporary transfer of national offices like the Commission on Audit (COA-10) which will be affected by the construction of the dike at the Provincial Capitol until such time that they can already have their own building “to actually show that we really need the mega dike as soon as possible.”

“For the provincial government, it will be limited because the people that would be (greatly) affected are the residents of Cagayan de Oro. But what we can do for the national offices which will be affected that they would be able to use the vacant facilities and offices of the provincial Capitol for the meantime that they cannot be able to transfer or build their own facilities,” the governor assured. - MISORPIO

According to PAGASA Mindanao Head Dir. Anthony Lucero, worst case scenario for TS Vinta will have heavy rains in Northern Mindanao tonight. Vinta will be at the vicinity of Claveria, Misamis Oriental by 2pm tomorrow. Expect widespread flooding tomorrow morning especially in Cagayan de Oro. Landslides are also expected. Preemptive evacuation along harm's way is encouraged.

Everyone in the flood-prone and low-lying coastal areas are encouraged to have preemptive evacuation to the safe place. Later the city government will give some advices on some locations for evacuation.

The City Social Welfare and Development Office prepared 400 sacks of rice and 500 hygiene kits in case force evacuation will take effect as #TSVINTA intensifies... at 9:00am today, personnel of the City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Department are placed under Code Blue and continuously monitoring and coordinating with BDRRMCs 8 teams of Emergency Medical Specialists and 2 teams of Urban Search and Rescue personnel are now on stand-by.

Here's the weather forecast as of this morning (December 21, 2017) from PAGASA


Scattered to widespread moderate to heavy rains is expected over Central Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Caraga, Davao Region and Northern Mindanao within 24 hours. Residents of these areas must Northernake appropriate actions against possible flooding and landslides, coordinate with their respective local disaster risk reduction and management offices, and continue monitoring for updates.
Sea travel is risky over the seaboards of areas under Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS).
Expected to make landfall over Caraga - Davao Region area between this evening and tomorrow morning (22 December)

Possible inclusion of Southern Cebu, Siquijor, and Misamis Occidental in areas under TCWS No. 1 in the next bulletin.

Location of eye/center: At 7:00 AM today, the center of Tropical Storm #VintaPH was estimated based on all available data at 440 km East of Hinatuan, Surigao del Sur (08.7 °N, 130.3 °E)
Strength: Maximum sustained winds of 65 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 80 kph
Forecast Movement: Forecast to move West at 18 kph

Forecast Positions: 
24 Hour(Tomorrow morning): 80 km Northeast of Hinatuan, Surigao del Sur(8.8°N, 126.5°E)
48 Hour(Saturday morning):175 km West of Dipolog City, Zamboanga del Norte(8.8°N, 121.8°E)
72 Hour(Sunday morning): In the vicinity of Rizal, Palawan(9.1°N, 117.7°E)
96 Hour(Monday morning):185 km Southwest of Pagasa Island, Palawan (OUTSIDE PAR)(9.7°N, 113.1°E)

The public and the disaster risk reduction and management council concerned are advised to take appropriate actions and watch for the next Severe Weather Bulletin to be issued at 11 AM today

Photo from Philstar

2018 is just around the corner and new year means new plans ahead. Comes 2018 is another opportunities for vacations! There are few long weekends which also turns out to be an opportunity for a vacation.

Starting with the Month of:

Feruary 2018
- Chinese New Year falls on Friday, February 16 and that means you will have 3 days vacation opportunity.

March 2018
- Holy Week! Well, it always falls on the same days every year so you will have a long vacay from March 29, Thursday to April 1 which is Sunday.

April 2018
- Araw ng Kagitingan is on April 9 which is Monday, that means your weekend extends until Monday.

May 2018
- May 1 is Labor Day and falls on a Tuesday, that means you have the opportunity to file a 1-day vacation leave on April 30 which is Monday to extend your weekend for 4 days.

June 2018
- Independence Day on June 12 that falls on Tuesday, same with May's Labor Day, File a vacation leave on June 11 which is Monday to extend a 4-day vacation.

August 2018
- Same goes with May and June because Ninoy Aquino Day on August 21 falls on Tuesday, File a vacation leave on August 20 which is Monday to enjoy a 4-day vacation.

August vacation opportunity doesn't end yet in August because National Heroes Day on the 27th of August falls on Monday plus August 28th, Tuesday is Cagayan de Oro Fiesta, so Cagay-anons will have a 4-day vacation opportunity on this week without the need to file a vacation leave.

November 2018
- All Saints and All Souls Day falls on Thursday and Friday respectively, that means you have your weekend starts on Thursday. Plus on Bonifacio Day, November 30 which falls on Friday, it is another 3-day weekend vacation for everyone.

December 2018
- You will have a 4-day Holiday Vacation starting at December 22 which is Saturday to Christmas Day on December 25th. Same with your New Year Holiday that will start on December 29, Saturday til January 1, 2019.

Now, you have chosen your date for a longer day vacation without having to spend much of your Leave credits at work. Your problem now is where to spend your 2018 Vacation. Below, I am listing some tips, ideas on where and how to spend your vacation in Cagayan de Oro and nearby places.

How to Spend Your 2018 Vacation in CDO?

Waterfalling in Cagayan de Oro City

Few months ago we have listed the 5 Majestic Waterfalls in Cagayan de Oro City, it is a perfect time to gather your friends and explore these majestic waterfalls in the city. You have been planning this for quite sometimes and we think it is time to materialize the plan with the gang!

Pool Party with the Family

You don't want to go somewhere far or outside the city, then we will highly recommend to have a pool party with the family at some hotels in Cagayan de Oro City with swimming pool. Check out this link as we have listed 7 Hotels with Swimming Pool in Cagayan de Oro City.

Nature Tripping Adventure
If you love nature tripping, then Cagayan de Oro has a lot to offer. Here are some that we can suggest:

White Water Rafting Adventure - If you haven’t experience White Water Rafting in CDO, then this is you chance to try something new. It's a shame that you are from Cagayan and yet haven't experienced the City Tourism's pride. It's time to get wet and wild at Cagayan de Oro river.

Here we listed 3 major Rafting Adventure company that can accomodate your adventure:

Kagay Whitewater Rafting
Address: Corrales Ave, Cagayan de Oro, 9000 Misamis Oriental
Hours: Open today · 6AM–10PM
Phone: 0917 712 2442

1st Rafting Adventure
Address: 14 21st St, Nazareth, Cagayan de Oro, 9000 Misamis Oriental
Hours: Open today · 8AM–5PM
Phone: 0917 325 5544

Great White Water Tours
Address: Upper Carmen, Cagayan de Oro, 9000 Misamis Oriental
Hours: Open today · 9AM–5PM
Phone: (088) 851 7856

Caving at Macahambus Cave and Gorge - Located at Barangay Lumbia, Cagayan de Oro City, it was previously called Macahambus Adventure Park but for some reason they stopped the operation. It is a small, free-entry cave with a path leading through to a lookout above the Cagayan River, the cave was the site of the historic Battle of Macahambus on June 4, 1900 which marked the Filipinos' first victory against the American during the Philippine - American war. A Marker of the National Historical Institute is placed at the entrance of the cave. Few meters from the cave is the Macahambus Gorge, a narrow steep-walled canyon, a flight of over a hundred steps leads one down to the floor of the gorge where there is an underground river that comes out from one cave to another cave.  The cave is covered with a lush tropical arbor of forest growth.

Mapawa Nature Park - Visitors to this natural forest can swim in hollows as well as more extreme waterfall jumping. Ideal for vacation & team building activities,  the staff & caretakers are very nice & accommodating. A perfect getaway for Families and friends from the busy streets of CDO. Located at Malasag, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City.

Gardens of Malasag Eco Tourism Village - Located in a reforested area in Malasag Hill. This 7 hectares village has replicas of tribal houses in the region and a panoramic view of Macajalar Bay. The tourism village is owned and managed by the Philippine Tourism Authority. Secluded, scenic spot with lush gardens, a small zoo & swimming pool. Rooms & food offered on-site.

Eden's Solace - Breathtaking view of the sunset during the afternoon and amazing sight of city lights at night. A beautiful place to relax with friends and family while enjoying the overlooking view of Cagayan de Oro City.

Sail Over Seven Seas

Photo by: Project LUPAD
Seven Seas Waterpark officially launched last December 17, 2017 and it is the biggest water theme park in the country and the first in Mindanao. Located in Barra, Opol, Misamis Oriental, don't be left behind and get ready to slide your way down to the Slides and Attractions like the Cyclone, Pacific Racer, Cutlass, Pirates Caraibes, Mighty Maui River and a lot more.

Dahilayan Adventure Park

Photo by: Dahilayan Adventure Park
Located at Barangay Dahilayan, Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon. Dahilayan Adventure Park is just a 45 mins to an hour ride from Cagayan de Oro City is a full-packed adventure destination for the whole family. They have the Asia′s 1st Longest Dual Zipline so you will experience how to fly like superman, Dropzone 120 Ft. Freefall Ride, Skytower Base Jump, Rope Course, Flying Lizard, Python Roller Zipride and a lot more. One day is not enough to enjoy all the rides and adventure at Dahilayan so they offer hotel accomodations for an affordable prices.

Those are just few places and activities that you can do to spend your long vacation, there are a lot more that you can do and it is all up to you. Cheers for a wonderful 2018!